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Mold, Black Mold, Toxic Mold, Mildew, Pathogenic mold, Home Mold

Mold Types - Black Mold, Toxic Mold, Mildew

  mold, black mold, toxic mold, allergenic mold  UV & mold

Mold, black mold, home mold, toxic mold, pathogenic mold, mildew

Different types of mold - black mold, toxic mold, allergenic mold - are present all the time around us and in the air we breathe. In low levels, molds and mold spores are generally harmless but if their levels increase they can affect people; especially people with allergies, asthma and respiratory conditions or suppressed immune system.

Allergenic mold and mold spores are normally not dangerous to humans in low amounts, but they cause allergic or asthmatic symptoms. Generally, these types of mold can be relatively easy and safely cleaned and removed. Note that even dead mold spores or mold particles can trigger allergy symptoms or allergic reactions.

Mycotoxic mold and mold spores are those containing toxins in the cell wall. These types of mold can cause serious health problems in humans and animals. These molds range from short-term irritation to immunosuppression, to cancer and even death. If toxic molds are identified, it is suggested that you seek advice from an Industrial Hygienist or other mold professional for guidance. The average homeowner should NOT attempt the abatement of these types of mold.

Pathogenic mold is the type of mold that causes infections. Pathogenic molds can cause serious health effects in persons with suppressed immune systems, those taking chemotherapy, and those with HIV/AIDS, or autoimmunity disorders. If any pathogenic molds are identified, it is suggested that you seek advice from an Industrial Hygienist or other mold professional. The average homeowner should NOT attempt the abatement of this type of molds.

Hyphae & hyphal elements are single, unidentifiable fragments of mold. Although they might not be traceable to a specific mold species, these fragments can be responsible for allergic reactions in some people and may indicate previous or current growth. Ascospores and basidiospores are clusters of spores that may not be easily identified as a specific species, but may represent a mold problem in the property.

Mildew is a synonym to mold. Dictioanry.com offers the following definitions of mildew:

Mildew - any of various fungi that form a superficial, usually whitish growth on plants and various organic materials.

Mildew - a superficial coating or discoloration of organic materials, such as cloth, paper, or leather, caused by fungi, especially under damp conditions.

Mildew - a plant disease caused by fungi.

The following external resources present more information on mold, mildew and different mold types:

Allergy & Asthma Foundation of America - Mold Allergy Allergy & Asthma Foundation of America - Mold Allergy

mildew, mold, mildew growth Mildew Definition at Dictionary.com

If you suspect or know that you have a mold problem in your home or public building you should contact an independent licensed mold inspector. Mold inspectors specialize in mold testing and know how to establish what type or types of mold are present in your environment. The information on mold and mold related health problems is presented as a courtesy and should not be solely relied upon. See Our Disclaimer


Black Mold
What is "black mold"? The news media often refer to "black mold" or "toxic black mold." It has usually been associated with the mold Stachybotrys chartarum, a type of greenish-black mold commonly associated with heavy water damage. Known health effects are similar to other common molds. It has been inconclusively associated with more severe health effects in some people. While there are only a few molds that are truly black, many can appear black. Not all mold that appears to be black is Stachybotrys.

American Industrial Hygiene Association
Black mold, toxic mold, black toxic mold, mildew
Mold Types and Health
Health effects caused by different mold types affected by exposure levels and environmental conditions:

Irritation: For some people, the "moldy odor" can be irritating to mucous membranes, cause headaches and other symptoms.

Allergy: Allergic reactions are typically the most common health problem.

Infection: There are an estimated 100 species of mold known to cause infections in humans. Immune suppressed individuals are especially at risk.

Toxicosis: Many types of mold produce toxic metabolites called mycotoxins which are believed to be most prevalent in spores (both living and dead spores).

Provided by: R. Penn

Health effects due to mold / mildew exposure



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